Islam > Salaah > AZAAN
The Call to Salaah

Azaan means to call to Salaah.

Azaan is sunnat for the five Fardh Salaah and the Jumuah Salaah (Friday).

Azaan should be called out on its prescribed time. If it was called out before the time, it will have to be repeated in the correct time.

Wording of the Azaan

الله أكبر
Allaahu Akbar Allaahu Akbar
Translation:God is greatest

أشهد أن لا اله إلا الله
Ash-hadu al-laa Ilaaha illallaah
Translation:I bear witness that there is no deity except God.

أشهد أن محمدا رسول الله
Ash-hadu anna Muhammad-ar-Rasoolullaah
Translation:I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of God.

حي على الصلاة

Hayya a`las-Salaah
Translation:Come to prayer ('salat').

حي على الفلاح
Hayya a`lal-Falaah
Translation:Come to success.

الله أكبر
Allaahu Akbar Allaahu Akbar
Translation:God is greatest

لا إله إلا الله
La ilaha illa-Allah
Translation:There is no deity except God

Muazzin Qualities

The Muazzin (the one calling out the azaan) should have the following qualities in him:
  1. He must be a male.
  2. He is understanding ie. he is not mad.
  3. He has knowledge of the sunnats and masaail of azaan.
  4. He has knowledge of the salaah times.
  5. Muttaqi – He is a pious and an upright Muslim.
Few etiquettes of calling out the Azaan:

  1. Be in the state of wudhu.
  2. Face the qiblah.
  3. Stand and call out the azaan.
  4. Place the index finger into the earlobes when calling out the azaan.
  5. Turn the face to the right when saying hayya a`las-salaah and to the left when saying hayya a`lal-falaah.
  6. Give the azaan outside the musjid boundary.
  7. Call out the azaan from a high place.
  8. Give azaan in a loud voice.
Etiquettes of replying to the Azaan

  1. Remain silent whilst the azaan is being called out. However, if you are engaged in the tilāwat of the Qur’ān or any other Deeni activity, you may continue.
  2. Repeat the words of the Muazzin.
  3. Repeat what the Mu'aththin says, except for when he says
  4. Hayya 'alas-Salaah (hasten to the prayer) and Hayya 'alal-Falaah (hasten to salvation). Here you should say
  5. Laa hawla wa laa quwwata 'illaa billaah.
    There is no might and no power except by Allah.
    Al-Bukhari 1/152, Muslim 1/288.
  6. Wa 'anaa 'ash-hadu 'an laa 'ilaaha 'illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu wa 'anna Muhammadan 'abduhu wa Rasooluhu, radheetu billaahi Rabban, wa bi-Muhammadin Rasoolan wa bil'islaami deenan.
    I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah alone, Who has no partner, and that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger. I am pleased with Allah as my Lord, with Muhammad as my Messenger and with Islam as my religion.1 [To be recited in Arabic after the Mu'aththin’s Tashahhud or the words of affirmation of Faith]
    1 Muslim 1/290.
    2Ibn Khuzaymah 1/220.
  7. Allaahumma Rabba haathihid-da 'watit-taammati wassalaatil-qaa'imati, 'aati Muhammadanil-waseelata walfadheelata, wab 'ath-hu maqaamam-mahmoodanil-lathee wa'adtahu, ['innaka laa tukhliful-mee'aad]
    After replying to the call of Mu'aththin. you should recite in Arabic Allah's blessings on the Prophet.

    O Allah , Lord of this perfect call and established prayer. Grant Muhammad the intercession and favor, and raise him to the honored station You have promised him, [verily You do not neglect promises].
    Al-Bukhari 1/152, and the addition between brackets is from Al-Bayhaqi 1/410 with a good (Hasan) chain of narration. See 'Abdul-Azlz bin Baz's Tuhfatul-'Akhyar, pg. 38.
    Between the call to prayer and the 'Iqamah, you should supplicate Allah for yourself. Invocation during this time is not rejected.