Islam > Sunnah > DUA I
1st Kalima

لَا اِلٰهَ اِلَّا اللّٰهُ مُحَمَّدٌ رَّسُوْلُ اللّٰهِ
There is no God besides Allah; Hadhrat Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.

Virtue

Abu Darda reports that Nabi said, “Whoever reads this kalimah 100 times daily, his face will shine like the 14th full moon on the Day of Qiyaamah.”
(Fazail-e-A’amaal, Zikr pg.156 from Tabraani).

2nd Kalima

اَشْهَدُ اَنْ لَّا اِلٰهَ اِلَّا اللّٰهُ وَاَشْهَدُ اَنَّ

مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهٗ وَرَسُوْلُهُ
I bear witness that there is no God besides Allah  and I bear witness that Hadhrat Muhammad j is His servant and messenger.

Virtue

Nabi said that on the day of Qiyaamah, in the presence of all mankind, Allah Ta’ala will call a person from my ummat, who will have ninety-nine registers of bad deeds and each register will be as long as one can see. Then Allah Ta’ala will say there is one good deed to your credit. A small piece of paper with this Kalimah will be given to him. The ninety-nine registers will be placed on one side of the scale and this kalimah will be placed on the other side, the kalimah will outweigh the ninety-nine registers.

3rd Kalima

سُبْحَانَ اللّٰهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ وَلَا اِلٰهَ اِلَّا

اللّٰه ُ وَاللّٰه ُ اَكْبَرُ وَلَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ

اِلَّا بِاللّٰهِ الْعَلِيِّ الْعَظِيْمِ
Glory be to Allah and all praise be to Allah. There is no God besides Allah. And, Allah is the Greatest. There is no power and might except from Allah , The Most High, The Great.

Virtue

One who recites this kalima 100 times in the morning and 100 times in the evening gets the reward of 100 Haj, giving 100 horses in the path of Allah, freeing 100 slaves,…and no one can match your thawaab for that day, unless he/she did the same.
(Tirmizi 3471 )

4th Kalima

لَا اِلٰهَ اِلَّا اللّٰه ُ وَحْدَهٗ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَهُ لَهٗ

الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ يُحْيِيْ وَيُمِيْتُ

بِيَدِهِ الْخَيْرُ وَهُوَ عَلٰى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيْرٌ
There is no God besides Allah . He is One. He has no partner. His is the kingdom and for Him is all praise. He gives life and causes death. In His hand is all good. And He has power over everything.


Virtue

One who recites this kalimah 10 times after Maghrib Salaah, will be greatly rewarded and Allah Ta’ala will send special guardian angels to protect him from shaytaan right until the morning.
(Tirmizi 3474 and 3534)
Kalimah Rad-de Kufr

أَللّٰهُمَّ اِنِّيْ اَعُوْذُ بِكَ مِنْ اَنْ اُشْرِكَ

بِكَ شَيْئًا وَّاَنَا اَعْلَمُ بِهٖ وَاَسْتَغْفِرُكَ

لِمَا لَا اَعْلَمُ بِهٖ تُبْتُ عَنْهُ وَتَبَرَّاْتُ

مِنَ الْكُفْرِ وَالشِّرْكِ وَالْمَعَاصِيْ

كُلِّهَا اَسْلَمْتُ وَاٰمَنْتُ وَاَقُوْلُ لَا

اِلٰهَ اِلَّا اللّٰه ُ مُحَمَّدٌ رَّسُوْلُ اللّٰهِ
O Allah ! I seek protection in You from that I should join any partner with You knowingly. I seek Your forgiveness from that which I do not know. I repent from ignorance. I free myself from disbelief and from joining partners with You, and I free myself from all sins. I submit to Your will. I believe and I declare: There is no God besides Allah Hadhrat Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah .

Virtue

Nabi j once said that, “Evil and Shir’k can enter the heart.” The Sahaabah were worried when they heard this. Nabi then said, “Beware of Shir’k, for it is quieter than the crawling of an ant.” Then Nabi asked, “Must I teach you something that will save you from all forms of Shir’k, the minor and the major?” He then taught them to read the 5th kalima.
(Ibnus Sunni pg. 250)
Imaani-Mujmal

اٰمَنْتُ بِاللّٰهِ كَمَا هُوَ بِاَسْمَآئِهٖ

وَصِفَاتِهٖ وَقَبِلْتُ جَمِيْعَ اَحْكَامِهِ

I believe in Allah as He is by His names and His qualities and I accept all His orders.

Virtue

Nabi explained that at times Shaytaan tries to confuse a person regarding his belief in Allah Ta’ala, and he Shaytaan should just be ignored. (Mishkaat pg.18) This kalimah is very effective in repelling doubts and confusion from Shaytaan.
Imaani-Mufassal

اٰمَنْتُ بِاللّٰهِ وَمَلٰٓئِكَتِهٖ وَكُتُبِهٖ وَرُسُلِهٖ

وَالْيَوْمِ الْاٰخِرِ وَالْقَدْرِ خَيْرِهٖ وَشَرِّهٖ

مِنَ اللّٰهِ تَعَالٰى وَالْبَعْثِ بَعْدَ الْمَوْتِ

I believe in Allah , His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, and in Taqdeer, that all good and bad is from Allah , and I believe in the resurrection after death.

Note

Once Nabi was asked what is Imaan? Nabi explained the important aspects which one has to believe in, in order to be a Believer.
(Bukhaari V.1 Pg. 12)
These are all mentioned in Imaan-e-Mufassal.
Reading of all seven kalimahs every night is a type of renewal of our Imaan in our beliefs, which we need to do especially after being exposed to many un Islamic beliefs in schools, newspapers, etc. Caution demands that a person renew his Imaan everyday.
When greeting a Muslim, say

أَلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَ رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ وَ

بَرَكَا تُهُ
May the Peace, Mercy and blessings of Allah Ta’ala be upon you.
In reply to a greeting, say

وَ عَلَيْكُمُ السَّلَامْ وَ رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ وَ

بَرَكَا تُهُ

May the Peace, Mercy and blessings of Allah Ta’ala be upon you.
When welcoming someone say

اَهْلاً وَ سَهْلاً وَ مَرْحَباً

(May you enter and) be as one of us, be at ease and comfortable, and welcome (to you).
(Tirmizi, Ibnu Majah)
Before Eating

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ وَعَلٰي بَرَكَةِ اللّٰهِ

In the name of Allah and upon the blessings of Allah .
(Al-Hisnul Haseen Pg. 141)

Virtue

One who reads this dua will receive blessing in one’s meals.
When forgetting to recite the dua before eating

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ اَوَّلَهُ وَ اٰخِرَهُ

In the name of Allah in the beginning and the end.
(Abu Dawood, Vol. 2, Pg. 173)
After Eating

اَلْحَمْدُ ِللّٰهِ الَّذِيْ اَطْعَمَنَا وَسَقَانَا

وَجَعَلَنَا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِيْنَ

All praise be to Allah who gave us food and drink and made us Muslims.
(Al-Hisnul Haseen Pg. 144)

Virtue

Allah becomes pleased when His slave praises Him after meals.

Sunnats of Eating

  1. Wash both your hands before eating.
  2. Recite ‘Bismillah wa’la barakatillah’ aloud.
  3. Eat with the right hand.
  4. Do not lean and eat.
  5. Do not find fault with the food.
  6. Whilst eating one should not remain completely silent.
  7. Eat with three fingers if possible.
  8. First remove the food from the dastarkhaan then get up.
  9. After meals wash both your hands.
Before Sleeping (1)

اَللّٰهُمَّ بِاسْمِكَ اَمُوْتُ وَاَحْيٰى

O Allah , with Your name do I die and live.
(Tirmizi, Vol. 2, Pg. 178)
When Awakening

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ الَّذِىْ اَحْيَانَا بَعْدَ مَا

اَمَاتَنَا وَاِلَيْهِ النُّشُوْرُ

All praise is due to Allah who has given us life after death and to Him is our return after death.
(Bukhaari Vol. 2 Pg. 934)

Sunnats of Sleeping

  1. To sleep in the state of wudhu.
  2. Dust the bed thrice before retiring to bed.
  3. To apply surmah in both the eyes.
  4. To brush the teeth with a miswaak.
  5. To sleep on the right hand side.
  6. To sleep with the right palm under the right cheek.
  7. To keep the knees slightly bent when sleeping.
  8. To refrain from sleeping on one’s stomach.
  9. To sleep on a bed or to sleep on the floor are both sunnah.
  10. To face the Qiblah.
Before entering the toilet

اَللّٰهُمَّ اِنِّيْ اَعُوْذُ بِكَ مِنَ الْخُبُثِ

وَالْخَبَائِثِ

Virtue

O Allah , I seek Your protection from the male and female Devil.
(Tirmizi, Vol. 1, Pg. 3)
After leaving the toilet

غُفْرَانَكَ اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ الَّذِيْ اَذْهَبَ

عَنِّي الْاَذٰى وَعَافَانِيْ
I seek Your pardon. Praise be to Allah who removed from me discomfort and gave me relief.
(Ibnu Majah, Pg.26)

Sunnats of the Toilet

  1. Enter the toilet with your head covered.
  2. Enter the toilet with shoes.
  3. Enter with the left foot.
  4. Sit and urinate. One should never urinate whilst standing.
  5. Leave the toilet with the right foot.
  6. Recite the dua after coming out of the toilet.
  7. Do not face or show one’s back towards the Qiblah.
  8. Be very careful of the splashes of urine. (Being unmindful in this regard causes one to be punished in the grave.)
  9. After relieving oneself, to cleanse oneself using water.
When thanking someone

جَزَاكَ اللّٰهُ خَيْرًا

May Allah reward you well.
(Tirmizi Vol. 2, Pg. 24)
When intending to do something

اِنْ شَاءَ اللٰهُ

If Allah wills.
When sneezing

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ

All praise be to Allah

The listener's reply

يَرْحَمُكَ اللّٰهُ

May Allah have mercy on you.
يَهْدِيْكُمُ اللّٰه ُوَ يُصْلِحُ بَالَكُمْ

The sneezer's response

May Allah guide you.
(Abu Dawood, Vol. 2, Pg. 338)
For increase in knowledge

رَبِّ زِدْنِيْ عِلْمًا

O My Lord, Increase me in knowledge.
(Sura Ta’ha, S.20/V.114)

Virtue

By reciting this Dua one’s memory will strengthen Insha Allah.
Dua for parents

رَبِّ ارْحَمْهُمَا كَمَا رَبَّيَانِىْ صَغِيْرًا

O Allah ! Have mercy upon them as they had mercy upon me when I was small.
(AL-Quraan S. 17, V. 24)

Note

  1. Don’t cause harm to your parents.
  2. Don’t speak rudely to them.
  3. Don’t back chat them.
  4. Respect your grandparents like how you’ll respect your parents.
  5. Make dua for them regularly.
  6. Meet their friends and relatives in a good and friendly way.
  7. If they have passed away, make dua for them and send e-saale thawab for them every day.
Durood Shareef

اَللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلٰى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ

وَّعَلٰى اٰلِ سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَّبَارِكْ

وَسَلِّمْ

O Allah grant Your special mercy on our Master Muhammad and on the family of our Master Muhammad and bless our Master Muhammad and peace be on our Master Muhammad .

Virtue

  1. One who recites Durood once will receive ten rewards ten sins will be forgiven and his rank will be raised ten times in the hereafter.
  2. Nabi j has said: “The closest person to me on the day of Qiyaamah is he who reads the most durood upon me”.

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