- Hadhrat Khadijah
- Hadhrat Sauda
- Hadhrat A`ishah
- Hadhrat Hafsah
- Hadhrat Zainab bint Khuzaimah
- Hadhrat Umme Salamah
- Hadhrat Zainab bint Jahsh
- Hadhrat Juwairiah bintul Harith
- Hadhrat Umme Habibah
- Hadhrat Safiyyah
- Hadhrat Maimoonah
- The Sons of Nabi
Hadhrat Khadijah was the first among them. At the time of her marriage, she was 40 years old and Nabi was twentyfive. She gave birth to all his children, except a son Ibrahim. She was first supposed to be married to Waraqah bin Naufal, but this marriage could not take place. Her first husband was Atiq bin Aa'iz. She had a daughter from him, whose name was Hind. Hind grew up, embraced Islam and had many children. On the death of Atiq, Khadijah was married to Abu Halah and got two children from him viz. Hind and Halah. Hind lived up to the time of Ali's Caliphate. On the death of Abu Halah, Nabi married Khadijah as his first wife. She died in Ramadhan of the 10th year of the prophethood at the age of sixty-five. He loved her very much and did not marry any other woman during her lifetime. Even before Islam, she was popularly called Tahirah (Clean and pure). Her children from other husbands are therefore known as Banu Tahirah. Her virtues and privileges have been mentioned extensively in the Ahaadith. Nabi laid her in the grave with his own hands. Till then, there was no janazah salaah.
Hadhrat Sauda bint Zam'ah bin Qais was previously married to her cousin Hadhrat Sukran bin ‘Amr . The couple embraced Islam and shifted to Abysinnia. Hadhrat Sukran died in Abyssinia. Hadhrat Saudah , now a widow, returned to Makkah Mukarramah. Nabi , on the death of Hadhrat Khadijah (in Shawwal of the same year), married Hadhrat Saudah . We know the devotion of Nabi in his salaah. Hadhrat Saudah x once stood behind him in Tahajjud.The next day she said to him"O, Nabi of Allah! Last night you took so long in your Ruk'u that I feared bleeding from my nose." (As she was heavy, the strain might have been too much for her). Nabi once intended to divorce her. Meanwhile Hadhrat A`ishah had also been married to Nabi. Hadhrat Saudah said"O, Nabi of Allah! I am ready to give up my turn (with you) in favour of Hadhrat A`ishah , but I don't like to be divorced by you. I wish to be one of your wives in Jannat." Nabi agreed to this suggestion. She died in about 55 A.H. towards the end of the Khilafat of Hadhrat Umar . There was another Quraish woman of the same name. She was also a widow having about six children. Nabi offered to marry her, but she said: "O, Nabi of Allah! You are dearer to me than any other person in this world. I do not like my children to be of any trouble to you." He appreciated this and withdrew the offer.
Hadhrat A`ishah was married to Nabi in Shawwal of the 10th year of Nubuwwat. She was born in the 4th year of Nubuwwat and was married when she was six, but was actually sent by her parents to live with Nabi , after his shifting to Madinah Munawwarah, when she was nine. She was eighteen at the time of the death of Nabi . She died on the night of Tuesday, the 17th Ramadhaan, 57 A.H., at the age of sixty-six. She desired at the time of her death that she might be buried along with other Ummahat-ul-Momineen, in the public graveyard, though she could be buried by the side of Nabi's grave, which was in her house. She was the only wife of Nabi who had not been married previously. All the remaining wives had either been widowed or divorced, some quite a few times, before they became Ummuhat-ul- Momineen. To be married in Shawwal was considered a bad omen among the Arab women. Hadhrat A`ishah says "I was married and sent to live with Nabi in Shawwal. Which of Nabi wives has been more blessed with his love and Allah' other favours than me?"
On the death of Hadhrat Khadijah , Hadhrat Khaulah bint Hakim came to Nabi J and said: "O, Nabi of Allah! Don't you like to marry again?"
Nabi : "Whom can I marry?"
Khaulah: "I know one virgin and one widow."
Nabi : "Name them."
Khaulah: "The virgin is A`ishah, (the daughter of your bosom friend Abu Bakr ) and the widow is Saudah bint Zam'ah."
Nabi : "All right! You may make the proposal."
Hadhrat Khaulah then went to Hadhrat A`ishah’s mother Hadhrat Umme-Rooman and said to her "I have come with good news for your family."
Hadhrat Umme Rooman "What is that?"
Hadhrat Khaulah "Nabi has sent me to seek Hadhrat A`ishah’s x hand in marriage for him"
Hadhrat Umme Rooman "But Hadhrat A`ishah is like his niece. How can she be married to him? Let me talk to her father."
Hadhrat Abu Bakr was not at home at that time. When he came, the proposal was placed before him, and he expressed the same difficulty. Hadhrat Khaulah returned to Nabi and informed him of their difficulty.
Nabi said "Abu Bakr is my best friend and brother-in- Islam, but this does not stop my marrying his daughter."
Hadhrat Khaulah went and informed Hadhrat Abu Bakr accordingly. Abu Bakr was extremely happy to call Nabi to his home and perform A’ishah's Nikah with him. A few months later, when Nabi had emigrated to Madinah Munawwarah, Hadhrat Abu Bakr said to Nabi "Why don't you have your wife Hadhrat A`ishah living with you?"
He said: "I have to make some preparations, etc., before I do that."
Hadhrat Abu Bakr presented him with some money, with which necessary things were arranged. Hadhrat A`ishah then started living with Nabi from Shawwal of 1 or 2 A.H. She shared the bed with Nabi for the first time in Hadhrat Abu Bakr’s house.
These are the three marriages of Nabi before Hijrah. All the remaining wives were taken by him in Madinah Munawwarah.
Hadhrat Hafsah , the daughter of Hadhrat Umar , was born in Makkah Mukarramah five years before Nubuwwat. She was first married to Hadhrat Khunais bin Huzaifah , who was one of the very early Muslims. He first emigrated to Abyssinia and then to Madinah Munawwarah. He participated in the battle of Badr, and was seriously wounded in Badr (or in Uhud) and died of the wound in the year 1 or 2 A.H. Hadhrat Hafsah had also moved to Madinah Munawwarah with her husband. When her husband died, Hadhrat Umar went to Hadhrat Abu Bakr and said "I want to give Hafsah in marriage to you."
Hadhrat Abu Bakr kept quiet and said nothing. Meanwhile Ruqayyah , the daughter of Nabi and the wife of Hadhrat Uthmaan died. Hadhrat Umar went to Hadhrat Uthmaan and offered Hadhrat Hafsah’s hand to him. He refused by saying, "I don’t have the need to marry presently."
Hadhrat Umar complained of this to Nabi . Nabi said: "Can I tell you of a husband for Hafsah better than Uthmaan, and of a wife for 'Uthmaan better than Hafsah." He then took Hadhrat Hafsah as his next wife, and gave his own daughter Hadhrat Umme Kulsum in marriage to ‘Hadhrat Uthmaan . Hadhrat Abu Bakr later said to 'Hadhrat Umar "When you offered Hafsah's hand to me, I kept quiet as Nabi J had informed me of his intention of marrying her. I could neither accept your offer nor reveal Nabi's J secret to you. I, therefore, kept quiet. If Nabi had changed his mind, I would have gladly married her." Hadhrat Umar says "Abu Bakr's silence over the offer was in fact more shocking to me than Uthmaan's refusal."
Hadhrat Hafsah was a very pious woman who devoted herself to Salaah. She would often fast during the day and spend the night in Ibaadat. Once Nabi was displeased with Hafsah for some reason and said the first divorce to her. Hadhrat Umar was naturally very much shocked over this. Jibraeel came to Nabi and said "Allah wants you to take Hafsah back, as she is often fasting and spending her nights in Salaah, and also Allah wants it for Hadhrat Umar's sake."
Nabi therefore took her back. She died in Jumadil Oola, 45 A.H., at the age of 63.
Hadhrat Zainab was the next lady to be married to Nabi . There are different reports about her earlier husbands. According to one report, she was first married to Hadhrat Abdullah bin Jahsh who was killed in Uhud, as we have already seen in his story in chapter seven. According to another report, she was first married to Tufail ibnul al Harith and when he divorced her she married his brother Ubaidah ibnul Harith, who was killed in Badr. Nabi married her in Ramadhaan, 3 A.H. She lived with Nabi for eight months only, as she died in Rabi-ul-Akhir, 4 A.H. Hadhrat Zainab and Hadhrat Khadijah x are the two wives of Nabi who died during his lifetime. All the other wives lived on after him and died later. Hadhrat Zainab spent very generously on the poor, and was known as 'Ummul Masakin' (mother of the poor) even before Islam. After her death, Nabi married Hadhrat Umme Salamah .
Hadhrat Umme Salamah was the daughter of Hadhrat Abu Umayyah . She was first married to her cousin Abdullah bin Abdul Asad known as Abu Salamah . The couple accepted Islam in the beginning and because of being troubled by the Quraish, they shifted to Abyssinia. A son who was born to them in Abyssinia, was named Salamah. After returning from Abyssinia, the family moved to Madinah Munawwarah.
Hadhrat Umme Salamah's story about her journey to Madinah Munawwarah has already been given in the early part of this chapter. After reaching Madinah Munawwarah, Hadhrat Umme Salamah had another son ‘Umar and two daughters, Durrah and Zainab . Hadhrat Abu Salamah was the eleventh man to accept Islam. He participated in both the battle of Badr as well as in Uhud. He got a very bad wound in Uhud, which did not heal for a long time. He was sent by Nabi on a journey in Safar, 4 A.H. When he returned from the trip, the old wound started giving trouble and he died because of it on 8th Jumadil-Akhir, 4 A.H. Hadhrat Umme Salamah x was expecting a child at that time. Zainab was born to her after the death of her husband. After she had completed her Iddat (the waiting period), Hadhrat Abu Bakr proposed to marry her, but she refused. Later, Nabi J offered to marry her.
She said "O, Nabi of Allah! I have quite a few children with
me and I am very sensitive by nature. Moreover, all my people
are in Makkah Mukarramah, and their permission for getting
remarried is necessary."
Nabi said "Allah will look after your children and your sensitiveness will disappear shortly. None of your people will dislike the marriage.”
She then asked her eldest son Hadhrat Salamah to be her guardian and give her in marriage to Nabi . She was married in the end of Shawwal, 4 A.H.
She says "I had heard from Nabi J that a person struck with a tragedy should recite this prayer,
‘O, Allah! Repay me for this tragedy by giving me something better than what I have lost,’ then Allah would accept his prayer.
I had been reciting this prayer since the death of Hadhrat Abu Salamah , but I could not imagine a husband better than him, until Allah fixed my marriage with Nabi ."
A`ishah says: "Umme Salamah was famous for her beauty. Once I made a plan to see her. I found her much more beautiful than I had heard. I mentioned this to Hafsah who said. "In my opinion, she is not as beautiful as people say."
She was the last of the wives of Nabi to die. It was in 59 or 62 A.H. She was 84 at the time of her death. She was born 9 years before Nubuwwat. Nabi married her after the death of Hadhrat Zainab bint Khuzaimah . She therefore lived in Hadhrat Zainab’s house. She found a hand-mill, a kettle and some barley in an earthen jar, lying in the house. She milled some barley and after adding some fat cooked a meal, which she served to Nabi on the very first day of her marriage with him.
Hadhrat Zainab bint Jahsh was the cousin of Nabi . She was first given in marriage by Nabi to his adopted son Hadhrat Zaid bin Harithah. When Hadhrat Zaid divorced her, she was married to Nabi by the command of Allah , as mentioned in Surah Al Ahzab. This took place in 5 A.H, when she was 35 years old. She was therefore born 17 years before Nubuwwat.
She was always proud of the fact that, while all the other wives were given in marriage to Nabi by their guardians, it was Allah Himself Who did this for her. When Hadhrat Zaid divorced her and she had completed her Iddat, Nabi sent the proposal to her.She said "I cannot give an answer until I have sought advice from my Allah".
She performed Wudhu, said two rakaat of Salaah and prayed to Allah, "O, Allah! Your Nabi offers to marry me. If I am fit for the honour, then give me in his marriage."
Allah answered her prayer by revealing the following verse to Nabi
"So when Zaid had performed the necessary formality (of divorce) from her, we gave her unto you in marriage, so that there may be no sin for believers in respect of the wives of their adopted sons, when they have divorced them. The order of Allah must be fulfilled."
(S33: V 37)
She bowed down before Allah in thankfulness when she received the good news about this revelation. Nabi arranged a big feast (Walimah) for this marriage. A goat was slaughtered and mutton curry with bread was served to the guests. People came in groups, and were served till all of them were fed.
Hadhrat Zainab was very generous in spending in the path of Allah . She earned by working with her hands and spent all her wealth in charity. It was about her that Nabi had said "My wife with long hands will be the first to meet me after my death." The wives took this to mean the actual length of their arms and began to measure their arms with a stick.
When measured, the arm of Hadhrat Saudah was the longest. But when Hadhrat Zainab died first, they understood the true meaning of “long arms” (i.e the most generous). She fasted very often. She died in 20 A.H. Hadhrat 'Umar led the Janazah Salaah. She was fifty at the time of her death.
Hadhrat Juwairiah was the daughter of Harith, the chief of Banu Mustaliq and was married to Musafi bin Safwan. She was one of the many prisoners who were captured by the Muslims after the battle of Muraisee'. She was given to Hadhrat Thabit bin Qais . He offered to release her for 360 Dirhams.
She came to Nabi and said "O, Nabi of Allah! I am the daughter of Harith, who is the chief of the tribe; you know what difficulty has come to me. The ransom demanded by Hadhrat Thabit is too much for me. I have come to seek your help in the matter."
Nabi agreed to pay her ransom, set her free, and offered to take her as his wife. She was very glad to accept this offer. She was married to Nabi in 5 A.H. and as a result of this marriage, the prisoners of Banu Mustaliq (Juwairiah's ( tribe) numbering about a hundred families, were all set free by the Muslims. They said, "The tribe which was honoured by Nabi's marriage should not remain as slaves."
Hadhrat Juwairiah was very beautiful and attractive. Three days before she became a prisoner in the battle, she had seen in a dream that the moon coming out from Madinah Munawwarah and fell into her lap. She says: "When I was captured, I began to hope that my dream would come true." She was 20 at the time of her marriage with Nabi J. She died in Rabi-ul-Awwal, 50 A.H., in Madinah Munawwarah at the age of 65.
She was the daughter of Abu Sufyan, and was first married to Ubaidullah bin Jahsh in Makkah Mukarramah. The couple accepted Islam, and then moved to Abyssinia due to the harassment of the Quraish. One night, in a dream, she saw her husband in the most ugly and horrible form. The next day she came to know that he had turned Christian. She, however, remained a Muslim and was therefore separated from him.
She was now all alone in Abyssinia. Allah soon rewarded for her loss. Nabi sent her an offer of marriage through the King Negus, who sent a woman named Abrahah to her with the message. She was so happy with the good news that she gave the bracelets and other jewellery that she was wearing to the woman in delight. King Negus represented Nabi J in the Nikah ceremony and gave her 400 dinars as dowry and many other gifts. He also gave a feast and dinars as gifts to all those who were present in the ceremony. Negus then sent her to Madinah Munawwarah with her dowry and other gifts such as perfume, etc. This marriage took place in 7 A.H. Her father was not a Muslim then. She most probably died in 44 A.H.
She was the daughter of Huyay, who was from the family of Hadhrat Harun , the brother of Hadhrat Moosa . She was first married to Salam bin Mishkam and then to Kinanah bin Abi Huqaiq at the time of Khaibar. Kinanah was killed in the battle and she was captured by the Muslims.
Hadhrat Dahya Kalbi requested for a maid, and Nabi gave her to him. At this, the other Sahaabah approached Nabi and said "O, Nabi of Allah! Banu Nazir and Banu Quraizah (the Jewish tribes of Madinah Munawwarah) will feel offended to see the daughter of a Jewish chief working as a maid. We therefore suggest that she may be taken as your own wife."
Nabi paid a reasonable sum of money to Hadhrat Dahya as ransom, and said to Safiyyah "You are now free; if you like, you can go back to your tribe or if you wish you can be my wife."
She said "I wanted to be with you while I was a Jew. How can I leave you now, when I am a Muslim?"
This is probably a reference to the fact that she once saw in her dream a portion of the moon falling into her lap. When she mentioned her dream to Kinanah, he slapped her face so hard that he left a mark on her eye. He said"You want to become the wife of the King of Madinah Munawwarah!"
Her father is also reported to have treated her similarly when she related the same or similar dream to him. She again saw, in her dream, the sun lying on her breast. When she mentioned this to her husband, He said: "You seem to be wishing to become the Queen of Madinah."
She says: "I was seventeen when I was married to Nabi" . She came to live with Nabi when he was camping at the first stage from Khaiber. Next morning, he said to the Sahaabah "Let everybody bring whatever he has got to eat." They brought their own dates, cheese, butter, etc. A long leather cloth was spread and all sat around it to share the food amongst them. This was the Walimah for the marriage. She died in Ramadhaan, 50 A.H., when she was about 60 years old.
Hadhrat Maimoonah was the daughter of Harith bin Hazan. Her original name was Barrah, but she was later renamed Maimoonah by Nabi . She was first married to Abu Rahm bin Abdul Uzza. According to some reports, she was married twice before she became Ummul Mominin. She had been widowed when Nabi J married her at Saraf, a place lying on his journey to Makkah Mukarramah for 'Umrah in Zul Qa'dah 7 A.H. He had intended to start living with her when in Makkah Mukarramah after performing 'Umrah, but because the Quraish did not allow him to enter Makkah Mukarramah, he called her over to him in the same place on his return journey.
Many years later she died and was buried exactly at the same place in 51 A.H. when she was 81 years old. This is a strange coincidence that at a certain place during one journey she is married, at the same place on the return journey she starts living with Nabi J, and at the very same place during another journey she dies and is buried.
Hadhrat A`ishah says: "Maimoonah was the most pious, and the most mindful of her family relations, among Nabi's J wives."
Hadhrat Yazid bin Asam says "She was seen either engaged in Salaah or in household work. When she was doing neither, she was busy making Miswaak."
She was the last woman married by Nabi . Certain Muhaddithin have, however, mentioned one or two other marriages of Nabi .
Nabi had three sons and four daughters. All the children were born from Hadhrat Khadija x, except the son Ibrahim. Qasim was his first son, born to him before Nubuwwat. He passed away when he was two. Abdullah, the second son, was born after Nubuwwat. He was also called Tayyab and Taahir. He also passed away in his childhood.
At the time of his death, the Quraish rejoiced and said: "Muhammad is without a son, and will therefore be without a successor. His name will also die with his death." It was on this occasion that Soorah Al-Kauthar was revealed by Allah . It said:
Even after more than fourteen hundred years, today there are millions who are proud to be connected to him in love and devotion. Ibrahim, the third son and last child, was born in Madinah Munawwarah in 8 A.H. Nabi’s woman slave Mariah gave birth to him. Nabi J performed the Aqiqah ceremony on the seventh day of his birth. Two lambs were slaughtered, the child's head was shaved by Hadhrat Abu Hind Bayazi , silver in weight equal to his hair was spent in charity and the hair was buried.Nabi J said "I am naming my child after the name of my forefather Ibrahim ."
This son also passed away, on 10th of Rabi-ul-Awwal, 10 A.H., when he was only 18 months old. Nabi J then remarked
"Allah has appointed a heavenly nurse to tend to Ibrahim in the gardens of Jannat."
She was the eldest daughter of Nabi J and was born in the fifth year of his first marriage, when he was thirty. She embraced Islam and was married to her cousin Abul Aas bin Rabi. The story of her moving to Madinah Munawwarah and her getting wounded by the Quraish has already been given in the early part of this chapter. She suffered long from that wound and passed away because of it in the beginning of 8 A.H.
Her husband later accepted Islam and joined her in Madinah Munawwarah. She had a son Ali , and a daughter Umaamah. Ali passed away during the lifetime of Nabi J. This same Ali was the person who sat with Nabi J on the camel's back at the time of his victorious entry into Makkah Mukarramah. We often read in the Hadith about a little girl riding on the back of Nabi J as he bowed down in Salaah; this was Umaamah, Zainab's x daughter. She lived long after the death of Nabi J. Ali married her on the death of Fathima x his first wife. It is said that Fathima x at the time of her death had said that Hadhrat Ali should marry her. She had no children from Ali . After Hadhrat Ali's death she was married to Hadhrat Mughirah bin Naufal , from whom she had one son named Yahya. She died in 50 A.H.
She was born three years after the birth of Hadhrat Zainab , when Nabi was 33 years old. She was married to Utbah, the son of Abu Lahab, Nabi’s uncle, but had not yet started living with him when Soorah Al-Lahab was revealed. Abu Lahab called his sons Utbah and Utaibah (to whom Umme Kulsum, another daughter of Nabi was married), and said to them: "Unless both of you divorce the daughters of Muhammad, I am not going to see your faces." They divorced their wives. Later, upon the fall of Makkah Mukarramah, Utbah accepted Islam. After this divorce, Hadhrat Ruqayyah was married to Hadhrat 'Uthmaan . The couple shifted to Abyssinia twice, as we have already seen in chapter one. Nabi had announced to the Sahaabah that he was waiting to receive Allah's command for moving to Madinah Munawwarah. The Sahabah started moving to Madinah Munawwarah even before Nabi's Hijrat. Hadhrat Uthmaan and Hadhrat Ruqayyah x had also shifted to Madinah Munawwarah before Nabi .
At the time of Badr, Ruqayyah x was ill (she later died of this illness). Hadhrat 'Uthmaan was, therefore asked by Nabi J to stay in Madinah Munawwarah and look after her. The news about the victory in Badr was received in Madinah Munawwarah when people were returning from Ruqayyah's x funeral. Nabi J was not present at her burial. A son was born to Hadhrat Ruqayyah x in Abyssinia. He was named Abdullah and survived his mother but died in 4 A.H. when he was six years old.
She is the third daughter of Nabi J. She was married to Utaibah, son of Abu Lahab, but had not yet started living with him when Utaibah divorced her after the revelation of Soorah Al-Lahab, as has already been mentioned. After divorcing her, Utaibah came to Nabi J and said the rudest words to him. Nabi J cursed him by praying "O, Allah! Order one of your dogs to punish him."
Abu Talib, who had also not accepted Islam, was shocked at the curse and said to Utaibah; "You have no escape now." Once Utaibah and Abu Lahab went with a group of people to Syria. Abu Lahab, in spite of his disbelief and hatred, said to the people "I am afraid of Muhammad's curse. Everybody should take care of my son."/em>
They happened to camp at a place where there were many lions. The people had piled up all their luggage and Utaibah was made to sleep on top of the pile, while the rest of the people slept around the pile. A lion came at night; and smelt all the people sleeping around the pile. The lion then jumped over the people and reached Utaibah. He screamed, but the lion had bitten off his head from his body. It is very necessary that we avoid being rude to the people dear to Allah . Nabi has reported Allah as saying: "He who insults my friends I declare war upon him." After the death of Hadhrat Ruqayyah x, Hadhrat Umme Kulsum x was married to Hadhrat Uthmaan in Rabi-ul- Awwal, 3 A.H. Nabi said"I have given Umme Kulsum in marriage to Uthmaan by Allah's command." She died in Shaaban, 9 A.H. without having any children. After her death, Nabi is reported to have remarked "Even if I had one hundred daughters, I would have given all of them in marriage to 'Uthmaan one after the other, if each one had died."
Hadhrat Fatimah , the fourth and the youngest daughter of Nabi who will be the leader of the woman in Jannat, was born in the 1st year of Nubuwwat, when he was 41. It is said that the name Fatimah (literally meaning safe from fire) was revealed by Allah . She was married to Hadhrat Ali in 2 A.H. She began to live with him seven and a half months later.
She was about fifteen and Hadhrat Ali was twenty one at the time of their marriage.
Of all the daughters, she was the most beloved of Nabi J. Whenever he went out on a journey, she was the last one to meet him and when he returned home, she was the first one to meet him. When Hadhrat Ali intended to marry Abu Jahal’s daughter, she was very upset and expressed her grief to Nabi
Nabi said to Hadhrat Ali "Fatimah is a part of my body. Whoever upsets her upsets me."
Hadhrat Ali gave up the idea of the second marriage during her lifetime. After her death, he married her niece Umamah , as we have already read in the previous pages. It was about six months after the death of Nabi J that Fatimah fell ill.
One day, she said to her maid: "I want to take a bath. Arrange some water for me." She took a bath and changed her clothes. She then asked her bed to be placed in the middle of the room. She laid herself down on the bedding, with her face towards the Qiblah, with her right hand under her right cheek, she said: “I am now going to die."
The next moment she was gone. Nabi's family continued and shall inshallah continue through her children. She had three sons and three daughters. Hadhrat Hasan and Hadhrat Husain were born in the second and the third year respectively, after marriage. Muhassan , the third son, was born in 4 A.H., but died in childhood. Ruqayyah, her first daughter, also died in childhood and has not been mentioned much in history. Her second daughter Umme Kulsum, who was first married to Hadhrat Umar , had one son Zaid and one daughter Hadhrat Ruqayyah. On Hadhrat 'Umar’s death, Hadhrat Umme Kulsum was married to Aun bin Ja'far, but had no child from him. After his death, his brother Muhammad bin Ja'far married her. A daughter was born to them, who died in childhood. Even Muhammad died in her lifetime and she was again married to the third brother, Abdullah bin Ja'far , from whom she had no child. She died as Abdullah's wife. Her son Zaid also died the same day and they both were carried for burial at the same time. Abdullah, 'Aun and Muhammad have already been mentioned as sons of Ja'far and nephews of Ali in chapter six. Zainab, Hadhrat Fatima's third daughter, was married to Abdullah bin Ja'far and had two sons Abdullah and Aun from him. After her death, he married her sister Hadhrat Umme Kulsum x. Hadhrat Ali had many other children from his wives after Fatimah . It is stated that he had as many as thirty two children. Hasan had fifteen sons and eight daughters, while Husain was the father of six sons and three daughters.